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Chemical examination of the bark of Euonymus atropurpureus by Harold Rogerson

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Published by Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories in London .
Written in


  • Plant Bark, chemistry,
  • Euonymus, chemistry

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementby Harold Rogerson
SeriesPublished papers (Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories) -- no. 143.
ContributionsRoyal College of Surgeons of England
The Physical Object
Paginationp. 1041-1052 ;
Number of Pages1052
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL26251162M

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Noted for its very ornamental red berries and attractive fall color, Euonymus atropurpureus (Eastern Wahoo) is a very adaptable, upright, spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree. In late spring to early summer, a profusion of tiny, maroon purple flowers are borne in small forking cymes of flowers and last about a month. The flowers are replaced by light pink to pale purple, 4-lobed seed. The powdered bark was used by American Indians and pioneers as a purgative. "Wahoo" was the indigenous peoples' name for the plant. References. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Euonymus atropurpureus This page was last edited on 9 June , at (UTC). Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License Family: Celastraceae. Euonymus atropurpureus - bitter ash, burning bush or wahoo. Posted in. Euonymus; The Native Americans called this shrub the wahoo, and used various parts for medication, for example a bark extract was used to treat so-called women’s troubles and heart problems. The bark contains poisonous digoxin, which is used in treating heart disease. Eastern spindle-tree is our only Euonymus species with brownish-purple flowers and purple anthers borne in cymes (infloresences) with 7 to 15 flower. Its leaves are hairy on the underside. This species is considered native to North America (even Endangered in Florida), but populations in New England are thought to be introduced.

The stem and root bark is alterative, cardiac, cathartic, cholagogue, diuretic, expectorant, hepatic, laxative, stimulant and tonic [4, 21, 46, 61, ]. The root bark is the part normally used, though bark from the stems is sometimes employed as a substitute. Wahoo (Euonymus atropurpureus) Wahoo bark from the stem & root and oil from the seed has been used medicinally. Native Americans sometimes used wahoo to make arrows. Uses: medicinal, fall color, pollinators, wildlife Bloom time: May to June. Eastern Wahoo Euonymus atropurpureus Bittersweet family (Celastraceae) Description: This is a shrub or small tree that becomes up to 25' tall. It produces ascending branches sparingly to occasionally. The central trunk and/or larger branches are covered with a thin gray bark that is slightly rough. Euonymus atropurpureus var. cheatumii eastern wahoo Legal Status. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.

  What are the Uses and Health Benefits of Wahoo (Euonymus Atropurpureus)? Wahoo bark is botanically known as Euonymus Astropurpureus. It belongs to the family of Celastraceae. Wahoo is also known with other common names like American wahoo, burning bush, eastern wahoo and a heart bursting with love. Its berries are attractive and red in color. Botanical Name: Euonymus atropurpureus Family: Celastraceae English: Wahoo, Indian arrow wood, Burning Bush Part used: Bark. Category: information only not used for fragrances or flavors: Recommendation for euonymus atropurpureus root bark usage levels up to: not for fragrance use. Deciduous shrub or small tree, ft ( m) tall, wide, flat-topped irregular crown. Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic to ovate-elliptic, cm long, acuminate tip, margin serrulate, dark green, pubescent below, may show reddish purple color in fall; petiole cm long.